Maha Shivratri (February 27th 2014) is celebrated in honor of Lord Shiva on the 13th (or 14th) night of the Krishna paksha (dark half or waning phase) of the moon (night before Amavasya) in the month of Phalgun (Feb-March) by almost all sects within Hinduism. It is a day of fasting for all devotees of Lord Shiva and is one of the eight most significant days of fasting in the Hindu Calendar.

Shiva Parvati Ganesha

As Lord Shiva is considered to be the lord of meditation and penance, devotees may be best served by engaging in introspection and self-evaluation of their spiritual progress on Maha Shivratri. Hence, this day may be considered as an opportunity to engage in awakening one’s inner spirit towards (self)-realization of the supreme. It is perhaps for this reason that the scriptures encourage us to remain awake throughout the night on Shivratri – to welcome the new moon and its spiritual energy into our lives.

The two mantras that are perhaps most relevant to invoking the power and energy associated with Lord Shiva are:

  • the simple, five-syllable (pancha-akshara) chant of Om Namah Shivaya ॐ नम: शिवाय:
  • the mantra of health and protection from (spiritual) death called the Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra ॐ त्रियम्बकं यजामहे, सुगन्धिं पुष्टिवर्धनं,
    उर्वारुकमिव बन्धनान्, मृत्योर्मोक्षिय मामृतात्


Origin of Shivratri

When creation had been completed, Shiva and Parvati went out to live on the top of Mount Kailas. Parvati asked, “O venerable Lord! which of the many rituals observed in Thy honour doth please Thee most?”
The Lord replied, “The 14th night of the new moon, in the dark fortnight during the month of Phalgun, is my most favourite day. It is known as Shivaratri. My devotees give me greater happiness by mere fasting than by ceremonial baths and offerings of flowers, sweets and incense.

“The devotee observes strict spiritual discipline in the day and worships Me in four different forms during each of the four successive three-hour periods of the night. The offering of a few bael leaves is more precious to Me than the precious jewels and flowers. My devotee should bathe Me in milk at the first period, in curd at the second, in clarified butter at the third, and in honey at the fourth and last. Next morning, he should feed the Brahmins first and, after performing the prescribed ceremonies, he can break his fast. O Parvati! there is no ritual which can compare with this simple routine in sanctity.”

Parvati was deeply impressed by the speech of Lord Shiva. She repeated it to Her friends who in their turn passed it on to the ruling princes on earth. Thus was the sanctity of Shivaratri broadcast all over the world.

The Story of King Chitrabhanu

(source: Swami Sivananda)

Once upon a time King Chitrabhanu of the Ikshvaku dynasty, was observing a fast with his wife, it being the day of Maha Shivaratri. The sage Ashtavakra came on a visit to the court of the king. The sage asked, “O king! why are you observing a fast today?”

The king said to the sage: In my past birth I was a hunter in Varanasi. My name was Suswara. My livelihood was to kill and sell birds and animals. One day I was roaming the forests in search of animals. I was overtaken by the darkness of night. Unable to return home, I climbed a tree for shelter. It happened to be a bael tree. I had shot a deer that day but I had no time to take it home. I bundled it up and tied it to a branch on the tree.

As I was tormented by hunger and thirst, I kept awake throughout the night. I shed profuse tears when I thought of my poor wife and children who were starving and anxiously awaiting my return. To pass away the time that night I engaged myself in plucking the bael leaves and dropping them down onto the ground.
The day dawned. I returned home and sold the deer. I bought some food for myself and for my family. I was about to break my fast when a stranger came to me, begging for food. I served him first and then took my food.

At the time of death, I saw two messengers of Lord Shiva. They were sent down to conduct my soul to the abode of Lord Shiva. I learnt then for the first time of the great merit I had earned by the unconscious worship of Lord Shiva during the night of Shivaratri. They told me that there was a Lingam at the bottom of the tree. The bael leaves I dropped fell on the Lingam. My tears which I had shed out of pure sorrow for my family fell onto the Lingam and washed it. And I had fasted all day and all night. Thus did I unconsciously worship the Lord Shiva on Shivratri and attained moksha.

Spiritual Cleansing during Shivratri

Shiva blesses Parvati

No worship is complete without offering something to the deity. Shiva is a very simple lord, he is innocent – bholanath. One just needs to offer bel-patra (bilva leaf) to him. But in this simplicity is a deep message. Bel-patra offerings signify the surrender of all three aspects of one’s nature – Tamas, Rajas and Sattva. You have to surrender the positives and negatives of your life to Shiva and become carefree! The greatest offering is your self.

According to Swami Sivananda, the two great natural forces that afflict man are Rajas (the quality of passionate activity) and Tamas (that of inertia). Continuous worship of the Lord necessitates the devotee’s constant presence in the place of worship. Evils like lust, anger, and jealousy, born of Rajas are ignored and subdued. The devotee observes vigil throughout the night and thus conquers Tamas also. Constant vigilance is imposed on the mind.

According to Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, to offer one’s self is the key to happiness in life. Afterall, why do you get sad? It is mainly because you are not able to achieve something in life. At such times you should surrender everything to the all knowing God. The greatest power is in surrender to the divine. It’s like a drop owning the ocean. If a drop remains separate, it will perish. But when it becomes the ocean, it is eternal!

The formal worship consists of bathing the Lord. Lord Shiva is considered to be the Form of Light (which the Shiva Lingam represents). He is burning with the fire of austerity. He is therefore best propitiated with cool bathing. While bathing the Lingam the devotee prays: “O Lord! I will bathe Thee with water, milk, etc. Do Thou kindly bathe me with the milk of wisdom. Do Thou kindly wash me of all my sins, so that the fire of worldliness which is scorching me may be put out once for all, so that I may be one with Thee-the One alone without a second.”

Listen to Shiva Mantra for Spiritual Cleansing

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Note: This article is from our archive. Reproduced here with revisions – Editor

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  • radhakrishna

    Om namaha sivahai Greetings GOD BLESS on this day

  • P.G.SayeePrackash

    Greetings to all glimpses of divinity members. Lokah samastha sukhino bhavantu.
    Article is new to me and impressive.

  • http://www.facebook.com/kishorechandradas Kishore Chandra Das

    Om Namah Shivaya! Greetings to all on the sacred occasion of Maha Shivratri! May Lord Shiva bless us all and cleanse us of all sins!

  • Jayshree dongre

    now i came to know what’s the reason behind shivratri

  • http://waynemcevilly.com Wayne McEvilly

    agna A yAhi vitaye / eternity / 8 syllables /

  • JP MANNA

    The avatar of the Supreme soul, Shiva, in this vicious world to bring us out of darkness of ignorance, so called RATRI, is celebrated as Shivaratri all over Bharat. Lord Shiva imparts the precious knowledge to us (his child, the souls) through his chariot, the Brahma. Souls adopting the knowledge get rid of KAMA, KRODH, LOBH, MOH & AHANKAR and become the true BRAHMINS. They become the thousand hands of BRAHMA, to lay the foundation of the new YUGA, called the SATYA YUG i.e. the end of RATRI, the vicious world, and the beginning of the day. However, in due course of the SRISTHI CHAKRA, we have mixed up the NIRAKAR SHIVA with the AKARI SHANKAR, the deity. We should ask oneself, why we pray the SHIVA LINGA( the icon of NIRAKARA) and also pray the deity Shankar, if they are same? Why they do not have the same form? Lets celebrate the true Shivaratri, by having control over the vices, and be a partner in making of the new world, the world of true happiness, love & peace.

  • Herminia

    May the Maha Shivaratri -2011 signify the transition from the darkness of gloom & ignorance to the dawn of divine joy & knowledge in our Global Society!
    On this auspicious occasion, "Let's Pray & Hope that every human on this Earth is inspired to convert the negative Karma into powerful positive Energy with the Blessings of Lord Shiva on the miraculous Night for a meritorious Life and attain the Bliss of Moksha/Nirvana" in the 21st century.

  • Capt TRajkumar

    Namaskar Good site -hanks and regards-
    Pl post more details on Bilwa leaf-and its special significalne-AS I understand the Tri patra leaf i one representall 3 Aspects in Vedic Shastras that we Hindus follow-
    Past Present &Future -TRIAD
    but in Prayer we seek to awaken our dormant self and so this has great significance-esp in Shiva Ratri pooja of Jagraan and sadhana –
    Man lives in 3 + 1 states. . We all experience the first 3 states:
    1.JAGRAT-Waking State
    2.SWAPNA-Dream State
    3.SUSHUPTI-Deep Sleep
    4 Turiya only Great master

    HaraHar Mahadeva -rgds
    captTR Chennai

  • GPM ANAND

    my dear friend,

    I would like to put here some of my feelings,again, on the point of His ever lasting presence in every being. It took me some decades to understand but my present openion, I mean this thought should have come earlier,or long time back. To say much clearer He was in the form of thought in us or in any form of act etc.,and it was evident always but I recognised it lately for which act of kindness I am grateful.

    I request any suggestion or comment for my above openion which will be helpful for my growth.

    anand